- (Aurelius Prudentius Clemens)(348–after 405)Prudentius was the first great Christian poet in Latin.He wrote SAINTS’ LIVES, hymns (some of which are still sung today), and the first narrative poem in Europe written entirely as an allegory—the PSYCHOMACHIA (War within the soul). His works became classics of Roman Christianity, and he is the only layperson considered to be a father of the Roman Church.Prudentius was born in Spain in 348, probably to a Christian family since he never mentions his conversion. The exact place of his birth is uncertain: Calahorra seems most likely, but Saragossa and Tarragona have also been suggested. He was from a noble family, and he received a classical Roman education. After practicing as a lawyer, he held administrative offices in two provinces before he was called to the capital and appointed to a fairly high post under the emperor Theodosius. According to a brief biographical note introducing an edition of his works in 405, Prudentius decided to retire from public life to pursue a contemplative life devoted to Christianity and poetry.Prudentius revolutionized Latin poetry by using the classical verse forms for Christian subjects. Among his works are the Cathemerinon (Book of the hours), which is made up of 12 hymns, six of which are for hours of the day and six of which are for particular church festivals. The hymns are remarkable for their use of light and dark imagery, and in many cases can still be found in contemporary Christian hymnals—including “Of the Father’s Love Begotten” for Christmas and “Earth Has Many a Noble City” for Epiphany. Another work, the Peristephanon (Crowns of martyrdom), is a series of 14 poems on the lives of martyrs like St. Agnes and St. Lawrence. The Apotheosis is a long didactic poem in hexameters (six-foot lines) concerned with supporting the doctrine of the Trinity. Its companion piece, Hamartigenia (The origin of sin), is concerned with the nature of evil, and specifically argues against the doctrine of dualism propounded by the Gnostic theologian Marcion and his disciples. Prudentius’s two-volume Contra symmachum was written to condemn the pagan Roman religion. It also argues that Christianity’s function within the empire was to complete the civilizing function begun by Roman law and institutions— that is, to fulfill Rome’s ultimate destiny. But certainly Prudentius’s most influential poem was the Psychomachia. The poem presents an allegorical battle between personified virtues and vices, wherein the soul, assisted by the virtues, rescues the body from the vices that attack it. The poem was extremely popular and highly influential throughout the medieval period, sparking a vital tradition of medieval allegorical poetry. Prudentius gleaned his theology from the Bible and from Christian thinkers like St. Ambrose and Tertullian. His works, particularly the Psychomachia, were popular throughout the Middle Ages and were studied in monastic schools from the ninth century on.Bibliography■ Eagan, Sister M. Clement, ed. Prudentius, Poems, Volume 1 and Volume 2. The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation, vols. 43, 52.Washington,D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1962, 1965.■ Haworth, Kenneth R. Deified Virtues, Demonic Vices, and Descriptive Allegory in Prudentius’ Psychomachia. Amsterdam: A. M. Hakkert, 1980.■ Smith, Macklin. Prudentius’ Psychomachia: A Reexamination. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1976.■ Thomson, H. J., ed. and trans. Prudentius. 2 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1947–1953.■ van Assendelft, Marion M. Sol ecce surgit igneus: A Commentary on the Morning and Evening Hymns of Prudentius (Cathemerinon 1, 2, 5, and 6). Groningen, Netherlands: Bouma’s Boekhuis, 1976.
Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.
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Prudentius — • Bishop of Troyes (d. 861) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Prudentius Prudentius † … Catholic encyclopedia
Prudentius — Prudentius, 1) Aurelius Pr. Clemens, christlicher Dichter, geb. um 348 in Cäsaraugusta od. Calagurris in Spanien, studirte Jurisprudenz, war erst Advocat u. verwaltete unter Theodosius zweimal das Amt als kaiserlicher Statthalter; um 405 ging er… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Prudentĭus — (Aurelius P. Clemens), der bedeutendste christliche röm. Dichter, geb. 348 im tarrakonensischen Spanien, 402–403 in Rom und bald darauf gestorben, war erst Advokat, dann hoher Staatsbeamter, bis er sich im 57. Lebensjahr aus dem öffentlichen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Prudentius — Prudentĭus, Aurelius Clemens, christl. röm. Dichter, geb. um 348 n. Chr. zu Calagurris (Spanien), gest. um 413; Ausg. von Dressel (1860). – Biogr. von Klemens Brockhaus (1872), Rösler (1886), Puech (franz., 1888) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Prudentius — Prudentius, Aurelius Clemens, 348 n. Chr. zu Saragossa geb., Rechtsgelehrter, gest. um 413, ausgezeichneter Dichter der kathol. Kirche, von Bentley der christliche Horaz genannt, verfocht den Kirchenglauben poetisch, war Lyriker, Epiker u.… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Prudentius — For the ninth century writer and bishop, see Prudentius of Troyes. Aurelius Prudentius Clemens was a Roman Christian poet, born in the Roman province of Tarraconensis (now Northern Spain) in 348. He probably died in Spain, as well, some time… … Wikipedia
Prudentius — Aurelius Prudentius Clemens (* 348; † nach 405) war ein christlich spätantiker Dichter. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Werke 3 Literatur 4 Weblinks … Deutsch Wikipedia
Prudentius, S. (2) — 2S. Prudentius, Ep. (6. April). Die Verehrung des hl. Bischofs Prudentius (zugenannt Galindus) von Troyes ist in dieser Kirche altherkömmlich. Seine Verdienste sind unleugbar und können durch die Irrthümer, in welche er zeitweilig verfiel, nicht… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Prudentius — ▪ Christian poet in full Aurelius Clemens Prudentius born AD 348, , Caesaraugusta, Spain died after 405 Christian Latin poet whose Psychomachia (“The Contest of the Soul”), the first completely allegorical poem in European literature,… … Universalium
Prudentius, B. (8) — 8B. Prudentius (14. Nov.), Bischof von Tarazona in Spanien, starb um d.J. 1135, und ist zu Nagera begraben. Vgl. S. Prudentius.2 (Mg.) … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon